Philippine Coins: 1983 10 Sentimo Flora and Fauna Series
1983 brought about another change in Philippine coins. The “Ang Bagong Lipunan” Series was replaced by the Flora and Fauna Series. This coin series features flora and fauna that are mostly endemic to the Philippines and other tropical regions.
The change in coinage was to remove the “Ang Bagong Lipunan” motto, the slogan of President Marcos who was, by that time, despised by most Pinoys because of Martial Law and the widespread corruption in the government.
The metals used in each coin was also changed due to inflation. A new denomination, the 2 Piso, was also introduced in this series.
As a growing boy, the coins of this series are the ones I have come to know as these were the ones used for trade during my childhood.
This post features the 10 Sentimo coin.
1983 10 SENTIMO
“REPUBLIKA NG PILIPINAS”
1983 10 SENTIMO
Weight: 1.5 g
Diameter: 19 mm
Thickness: 2.3 mm
The reverse features one of the smallest fish in the world. It is found primarily in the rivers of Luzon. This fish is also called the Pygmy Goby. Locally, its is called “bia” and “tabios“. Though it is mostly found in freshwater, this fish has also been found to thrive in brackish and even marine waters. Its is nearly extinct in the Philippines because of our polluted waters.
On the obverse is Francisco Baltasar, a.k.a Francisco Balagtas. He was a poet and well-known for his work, “Florante at Laura.” An extemporaneous form of debate in the Philippines is called “Balagtasan“, named after Balagtas.
Trivia: This particular coin is an error coin. The scientific name of the Pygmy Goby was misspelled. In this coin it reads, “PANDAKA PYGMEA“. The correct spelling should be “PANDAKA PYGMAEA” (see image below). This error went unnoticed since this coin was almost never used. This error appears on coins dated 1983, 1986, and 1987. However, not all coins from those dates have this error.